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Demographic transition and access to jobs in Uzbekistan: What role for labour migration beyond the Covid-19 pandemic?

Uzbekistan has been struggling with an outflow of labour abroad, especially during and after the upheavals of the 1990s. This study examines demographic trends and labour economic developments that allow a forecast for the coming years.

Labour emigration can have positive effects not only for a country of immigration but also for a country of emigration. Since many labour migrants realise higher incomes in their destination countries and can thus financially support their family remaining in the home country, the risk of poverty in the countries of origin decreases. In order for potential emigrants in destination countries to realise their potential, sending countries should support citizens willing to leave.

This policy briefing assesses measures with which the Uzbek government can support citizens intending to migrate.

Policy Briefing

 

Further references on the topic

Job-retention schemes and labour market adaptivity in the context of the Coronavirus crisis

In the wake of the Covid 19 pandemic, numerous countries have enacted measures to strengthen labour markets (e.g. short-time allowances). This Policy Briefing examined the scope and impact of these and similar measures in Eastern European transition countries, with particular reference to the example of Ukraine.

The briefing summarises the results of a corresponding study: Overall, innovative labour market instruments, such as short-time allowances, were little or not used at all. This was mainly due to rigid labour regulations, which still have their origins in the Soviet era, as well as an underdeveloped social system. This left dismissal as the most frequently used instrument. In view of the high economic and social costs, countries like Ukraine should think about expanding short-time work schemes as a flexible instrument of labour market policy management.

Full Briefing

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