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Labour Market and Migration

Emerging economies have to deal with a variety of labour market challenges. Berlin Economics develops tailor-made solutions.


Often labour markets in transition countries are characterised by outdated regulatory structures. A fundamental reform of labour markets and labour law is therefore of particular importance. In addition, the observed brain drain, especially of skilled workers, has a negative impact on the countries’ growth prospects. Taken together, both factors pose a challenge.

Against this background, Berlin Economics prepares recommendations for the reform of labour markets and labour law, analyses migration movements and develops policy measures tailored to these.



Demographic transition and access to jobs in Uzbekistan: What role for labour migration beyond the Covid-19 pandemic?

Uzbekistan has been struggling with an outflow of labour abroad, especially during and after the upheavals of the 1990s. This study examines demographic trends and labour economic developments that allow a forecast for the coming years.

Labour emigration can have positive effects not only for a country of immigration but also for a country of emigration. Since many labour migrants realise higher incomes in their destination countries and can thus financially support their family remaining in the home country, the risk of poverty in the countries of origin decreases. In order for potential emigrants in destination countries to realise their potential, sending countries should support citizens willing to leave. This study examines ways and measures with which the Uzbek government can support citizens who intend to migrate.

Full study

Job-retention schemes and labour market adaptivity in the context of the Coronavirus crisis

In the wake of the Covid 19 pandemic, numerous countries have enacted measures to strengthen labour markets (e.g. short-time allowances). This Policy Briefing examined the scope and impact of these and similar measures in Eastern European transition countries, with particular reference to the example of Ukraine.

The briefing summarises the results of a corresponding study: Overall, innovative labour market instruments, such as short-time allowances, were little or not used at all. This was mainly due to rigid labour regulations, which still have their origins in the Soviet era, as well as an underdeveloped social system. This left dismissal as the most frequently used instrument. In view of the high economic and social costs, countries like Ukraine should think about expanding short-time work schemes as a flexible instrument of labour market policy management.

Full Briefing