Demographic transition and access to jobs in Uzbekistan: What role for labour migration beyond the Covid-19 pandemic?
Uzbekistan has been struggling with an outflow of labour abroad, especially during and after the upheavals of the 1990s. This study examines demographic trends and labour economic developments that allow a forecast for the coming years.
Labour emigration can have positive effects not only for a country of immigration but also for a country of emigration. Since many labour migrants realise higher incomes in their destination countries and can thus financially support their family remaining in the home country, the risk of poverty in the countries of origin decreases. In order for potential emigrants in destination countries to realise their potential, sending countries should support citizens willing to leave. This study examines ways and measures with which the Uzbek government can support citizens who intend to migrate.